Recovery Research Institute

Peer-Based Recovery Support

(Related: mutual-help organizations, mutual aid, self-help)

Peer-based recovery support, known as mutual-help organizations (or self-help groups) – are free, peer-led (i.e., non-professional) organizations that developed to help individuals with substance use disorders and other addiction-related problems.

Mutual-help organizations focus on the socially-supportive communication and exchange of addiction and recovery experience and skills. Individuals participate in activities that engage, educate, and support patients recovering from substance use disorder from others facing similar challenges. Mutual help organizations include: Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Narcotics Anonymous (NA), SMART Recovery, All Recovery groups, and online forums.


  1. TWELVE-STEP, like Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and Narcotics Anonymous (NA)
  2. SECULAR (NON-TWELVE-STEP), which are growing but smaller entities, such as SMART Recovery, Women for Sobriety, and LifeRing
  3. RELIGIOUS, such as Celebrate Recovery